9. Adequate Hydration
To prevent as well as treat constipation in dogs, adequate hydration is a must.
In fact, one of the most common reasons for constipation is inadequate water intake. Dogs that do not drink enough water tend to have constipation now and then.
The colon absorbs some amount of water before waste is processed in the intestines. So, if your dog’s water intake is low, the stool will become hard and dry, leading to constipation.
Always make sure your dog has access to fresh water. It’s recommended to change your dog’s water once per day. Also, avoid a high-grain diet, as grains are not easily processed by a dog’s digestive system.
If possible, invest in a water fountain.
Sedentary dogs are more prone to constipation and other health issues than dogs who exercise regularly.
Exercise is important for your pet, as it helps increase intestinal motility and promote healthy elimination of waste products. Exercise even promotes blood circulation.
- For young dogs, moderate 30-minute walks twice daily is considered good exercise.
- For older dogs, try two short walks of 15 minutes each day. Avoid long, tiring walks for older dogs.
Along with walking, make sure to spend some time at home playing with your dog.
- You can give your dog a stool softener or other laxative agent after consulting your vet.
- Increase fiber in your pet’s diet by feeding your dog fresh grated or boiled vegetables, such as carrots, sweet potatoes peas and green beans. Always consult your vet before making any changes to your dog’s diet or administering medications.
- Do not give human laxatives to your dog. It can be very dangerous for animals.
- If a dog has long hair that tangles at the anus, make sure to cut them. Hair at the anus can make a dog avoid defecating.
- Allow your dog frequent opportunities to defecate.
- If constipation is accompanied by vomiting, consult your vet right away.