Much like chronic pain, headaches and migraines are also linked to depression. While depression can lead to headaches, it is also a common symptom in people with migraine headaches.
Migraines can be the reason behind the development of mood disorders likes depression, or vice versa. The link is even stronger in people who experience migraines with aura, which means people see flashing lights or stars during a migraine attack.
A 2009 study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry suggests that there is a specific association between depression and migraines with aura. The association is mainly due to overlapping etiological risk factors.
Similarly, a 2011 study published in the Journal of Headache and Pain reports that those who get migraines with aura are more likely to suffer from depression than people who have migraines without aura.
Another study published in 2013 in Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache found that middle-aged women with migraine or non-migraine headaches are at increased risk of incident depression.
6. Skin Problems
Stress hormones are damaging to your skin. Depression is associated with elevated levels of the stress hormone cortisol, so it is common to see skin problems in people suffering from depression. It can even worsen conditions like eczema, psoriasis and acne.
According to a 2005 report by Dermatologic Clinics, psychiatric disturbance is reported in approximately 30 percent of dermatology patients.
Furthermore, a 2015 study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology found that depression and anxiety were common in patients with psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, hand eczema and leg ulcers.
The link between depression and skin problems may be due to self-negligence, which is a common side effect of depression.
7. Chest Pain
Chest pain is a well-known symptom of heart problems. What many people don’t know is that chest pain is linked to depression and vice versa.
Depression can affect heart rhythms, increase blood pressure and elevate insulin, cholesterol and stress hormone levels.
A 1998 study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine reports clinical depression appears to be an independent risk factor for incident coronary artery disease for several decades after the onset of the clinical depression.
A 2011 study published in Psychophysiology suggests that a dysfunctional biological stress system is at play among depressed individuals. The study emphasizes the importance of testing people suffering from major depression for cardiovascular disease.
A 2013 study published in Circulation found that people with heart failure who are moderately or severely depressed have four times the risk for early death and double the risk for being hospitalized as compared to people who are not depressed.
8. Poor Oral Heath
Depression can also take a toll on your oral health. This is primarily a result of lack of self-care, which commonly occurs with depression.
In a 2014 study published by the International & American Associations for Dental Research, researchers found that depression and anxiety are associated with tooth loss, mainly due to depression causing individuals to be negligent in self-care.
A study published in 2015 in Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology found that depression was significantly associated with the number of decayed teeth only among participants aged 35 to 54 years old and not with other age groups.
Also a recent 2016 study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders notes that today, mental health clinicians should be aware of the oral consequences of inappropriate diet and psychotropic medication that people with depression deal with and should take necessary steps to ensure good oral health.