9. Genetically Modified Foods
Any food that has been genetically modified, such as some varieties of corn, soy, rice, sugar cane, sugar beets and canola, is not good for people suffering from kidney problems. Such foods can affect the health of your kidneys due to the high levels of oxalates, which bind with calcium in the kidneys to form kidney stones.
A 2009 study published in the International Journal of Biological Science analyzed three types of genetically modified Monsanto corn and found that they had negative health effects on the kidney and liver functioning of rats. The researchers concluded that the three varieties tested created a state of hepatorenal (liver and kidney) toxicity.
Another study published in 2015 in Environmental Health reports that glyphosate-based herbicides, which are the major pesticides used worldwide, pose health risks to the liver and kidneys, although low environmentally relevant doses have not been examined.
Along with genetically modified foods, you must not consume other oxalate-rich foods, including rhubarb, concord grapes, strawberries, sweet potatoes, spinach, summer squash, beets, leeks, tea, coffee, nuts and tofu. Stick to organic foods as much as possible.
10. Fluid Intake
One of the main functions of the kidneys is to balance fluid in the body. With kidney disease, your body will not be able to get rid of excess water. Although it may sound harmless, excess water in the body can cause high blood pressure and may eventually contribute to heart disease.
Hence, when you suffer from kidney disease, you must drink the ‘right’ amount of water each day. People who are on dialysis will need to drink much less water.
Excess water intake with kidney disease will only put more pressure on your kidneys. So, do not overdo it.
The recommended amount of fluid intake varies, depending upon the extent of your kidney damage. Your doctor will tell you about your fluid intake amount and you must stick to it.
It is true that dealing with fluid restriction can be very difficult. To keep your thirst under control, gargling with ice cold water, sucking an ice cube or chewing gum can be helpful.
- If you are overweight, it’s time to lose the excess pounds.
- Include some exercise in your daily routine. Consult your doctor about what type of exercise will be beneficial for your health.
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet. In cases of severe kidney disease, you may have to follow a special diet suggested by a dietitian.
- If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, take extra care to keep your blood pressure and blood sugar at normal levels.
- Also, keep your blood cholesterol level under control.
- Take medicines as prescribed by your doctor.
- Drink water normally, unless you have been advised otherwise by your doctor or dietitian.
- It’s important to get vaccinated against the flu and pneumonia, as kidney disease puts you at a higher risk of catching the flu.