7. Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer
Nonmelanoma skin cancer develops slowly in the upper layers of your skin due to overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or sources of indoor tanning, such as tanning beds and sunlamps.
A family history of this cancer, pale skin that burns easily, and a large number of moles or freckles may increase your risk. Men and people over 40 years of age are at even higher risk.
Usually a red lump or scaly patch on your skin that doesn’t heal even after a few weeks is the first sign of nonmelanoma skin cancer.
Consult your doctor if you see any skin abnormality that hasn’t healed after four weeks. The specialist may perform a biopsy to confirm whether it’s cancerous.
You should avoid overexposure to UV light, sunlamps and tanning beds, use a sunscreen, limit going out in sun during peak hours, and get regular checkups of your skin to reduce your risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer.
Chagas disease, or American trypanosomiasis, is a parasitic disease affecting 10 million people worldwide. It is caused when bitten by a bug known as the ‘kissing’ bug that carries the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi.
In the initial stage of this disease, there are usually no symptoms even though a high number of parasites are circulating in your blood.
In less than 50 percent of the people, the first visible signs are a sore (where the parasite has entered the body), eyelid swelling (if the parasite has entered through the eye), fever, fatigue, body aches, headaches, swollen glands, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.
When the disease becomes chronic, it causes severe cardiovascular and gastrointestinal problems that can even lead to death.
Factors that increase your risk of getting Chagas disease include living in an area having these deadly bugs, such as rural areas of Central America, South America and Mexico and receiving a blood transfusion from an infected person.
If you have symptoms of Chagas disease, consult your doctor. A simple blood test can confirm the presence of the deadly bugs and timely treatment can save your life.