9. Delays Wound Healing
Apart from causing many diseases, smoking also gets in the way of the healing process. Smoking contributes to difficulty in healing surgical wounds and bone fractures.
Several compounds in cigarette smoke, such as nicotine, tar, nitric oxide, hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide and aromatic amines, inhibit healing through the effects of anoxia, hypoxia, vasoconstriction and enzymatic system toxicity.
In 2007, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis reported that cigarette smoking impairs ligament healing after ligament-repair surgery. Smoking causes decreased macrophage response that causes a delayed or decreased healing response.
The risk of complications from surgical wounds and some fractures not healing doubles for smokers. Smoking damages red blood cells, bone cells and even the white blood cells, which are essential for healing. This can lead to infections in the wound, blood clots and tissue scarring.
10. Chances of A Stroke Triples
Cigarettes contain nicotine as well as other toxic chemicals that significantly increase the risk of heart disease and strokes.
When you smoke, harmful chemicals enter the lungs and then your bloodstream, changing and damaging cells throughout your body. This can cause a blockage of blood flow from the carotid artery to the brain, which can ultimately lead to a stroke.
A stroke can cause paralysis, partial blindness, poor motor and speech skills, and even death.
According to a 2010 study conducted at the University of Maryland General Clinical Research Center, the more you smoke, the higher the risk. In fact, smokers are three times more likely to have a stroke than those who do not smoke.
Well, looking at the side effects of smoking, you will surely think about quitting this habit. First, build up your will power and then look for professional help, family support and even home remedies to help quit smoking.