7. High Uric Acid in the Body
A high uric acid level in the body is another cause of foot pain. Uric acid is a waste product of the oxidation of purines and normally is excreted in the urine.
A high amount of uric acid in the body is one of the leading causes of gout, in which uric acid crystals deposit in the cooler parts of the body like the joints of the hands or feet.
These uric acid crystals cause inflammatory arthritis, which causes pain in the feet and elsewhere in the body.
To fix the problem:
- Drink plenty of water to help optimize uric acid filtering.
- Avoid animal proteins like meats, organ meats, fish and poultry.
- Avoid legumes, yeast, mushrooms, asparagus and beans, which are high in purine.
- Eat foods high in dietary fiber.
- Eat foods with starchy carbohydrates, which contain only small amounts of purine.
- Limit your alcohol intake.
- Get regular exercise and maintain a healthy weight.
Bunions are another common cause of foot pain. In simple terms, a bunion is a deformity that develops on a big toe. It can affect one or both big toes.
People who have bunions are likely to experience pain in the foot as well as hip, knee and low back. It can cause extreme pain while walking as well as reduced flexibility of the big toe.
Bunions are progressive and usually get worse over time, thus the pain may increase with time. Bunions also increase the risk of corns and calluses.
To fix this problem:
- To relieve pain, use a cold compress on the affected area.
- Massage the area with warm oil daily.
- Roll a tennis ball beneath the sole that feels tight and painful.
- Wear proper shoes, with a wide toe box and a low heel, to reduce the severity of pain.
- Avoid wearing narrow shoes, pointy toes and high heels.
- Use orthotics, padding and splinting to help relieve pain.
- If required, bunions may be removed with surgery.