9. Reproductive Problems
Obesity can cause menstrual issues and infertility in women, and erectile dysfunction, low sperm count and other sexual health issues in men.
A 2008 study by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine reports that obesity increases the risk of many complications of pregnancy and is associated with menstrual dysfunction, decreased fertility and increased risk of miscarriages. The study even recommends weight loss before pregnancy is prudent for young women.
Later, a 2010 study published in the Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences highlighted the impact of female obesity on the outcome of fertility treatment.
Gradual and sustained weight loss regularizes menstrual cycles and increases the chance of spontaneous ovulation and conception in overweight and obese women.
Obesity even affects fertility in men. A 2012 study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine reports that men who are overweight or obese are at a greater risk for infertility.
As compared with men of normal weight, obese men are more likely to have a low sperm count or not have any viable sperms.
Pregnant women who are obese are at an increased risk for developing gestational diabetes, preeclampsia and the need for a C-section during delivery.
Plus, babies born to overweight or obese mothers are at an increased risk of being born too soon, being stillborn and having neural tube defects.
Obesity is one of the contributing factors of osteoarthritis, a common joint problem of the knees, hips and lower back.
Extra body weight puts more pressure on the joints and even wears away the cartilage, the tissue that normally protects the joints.
A 2001 study published in the International Journal of Obesity reports the connection between obesity and knee osteoarthritis and suggests reducing the risk by controlling obesity.
A 2013 study published in the Indian Journal of Medical Research also made it clear that obesity contributes to the incidence and progression of osteoarthritis, with the strongest relationship being at the knee.
A 2002 study by the British Society for Rheumatology confirms the influence of obesity on the development of hip osteoarthritis, though the influence is moderate.
A 2006 study published in the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases shed light on how obesity leads to osteoarthritis.
According to the study, dysregulation of lipid homeostasis is one of the mechanisms leading to osteoarthritis in obese people.
If you are obese and suffering from osteoarthritis, losing weight may help improve your symptoms. Weight loss will decrease stress on the knees, hips and lower back as well as lessen inflammation in your body. Exercise daily to lose weight, reduce pain and increase the flexibility of your joints.