7. Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease (both alcoholic as well as nonalcoholic) is common in obese people. In this condition, fat builds up in the liver and causes inflammation or scarring.
It can ultimately lead to severe liver damage, cirrhosis (scar tissue) or even liver failure.
A 2008 study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism reports that liver disease of metabolic origin, associated with obesity, is a common liver disease in Western countries.
A 2016 study published in the Journal of Lipid Research reports that it is likely that it is the saturated fat, not unsaturated fat, that raises sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) levels in obese people, and S1P unleashes the inflammation that characterizes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
People suffering from fatty liver disease are advised to lose weight, eat a healthy diet, increase physical activity and avoid drinking alcohol.
Always opt for a gradual and sustained weight loss target, as rapid weight loss can be damaging to the liver.
8. Gallbladder Disease
Gallbladder disease and gallstones are more common in overweight people. Excess cholesterol is one prominent reason behind gallstones, pebble-like materials that develop within the gallbladder.
Studies have shown that people with an abnormally high BMI are at a higher risk of suffering from gallstone disease. In fact, abdominal fat increases the risk of gallstone disease more.
A 2004 study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition shed light on the association between abdominal adiposity and the incidence of symptomatic gallstone disease, independently of BMI.
A 2012 study published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition analyzed data of 510,000 children, ages 10 to 19, and concluded that obese children, especially females, were more likely to have gallstones.
Later, a 2013 published in Hepatology analyzed 77,679 participants from the general public in Denmark and showed that overweight women were at greater risk for developing gallstones than men.
Researchers also found that gallstone disease is more likely to affect females who were less physically active and the risk increases by 7% for every 1 kg/M2 increase in BMI.
By maintaining a healthy weight, you can prevent gallstones and other gallbladder problems. When it comes to weight loss, avoid rapid weight loss and focus on losing 1 to 2 pounds per week.