Following a high-fiber diet will encourage regular bowel movements. Regular fiber intake results in softer stools that are passed easily, so you do not have to use much pressure during a bowel movement, thus avoiding damage to the lining of the anus.
- Include high-fiber foods in your diet, such as quinoa, oatmeal, prunes, buckwheat, legumes, spinach, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds. Psyllium, also known as isabgol, is also considered a good source of fiber.
- You can also opt for fiber supplements after consulting your doctor.
Note: When increasing your fiber intake, especially when taking psyllium, make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day to avoid gastrointestinal discomforts.
To promote healing of anal fissures, it is important to maintain proper hygiene. First of all, keep the affected area clean and dry, as moisture can increase the risk of bacterial infections.
- After each bowel movement, wipe the area with soft toilet paper. Avoid using rough and scented toilet papers, which can cause irritation.
- After taking a bath, gently dab some baby powder around the affected area to keep it dry.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing and cotton underwear to allow air to circulate.
- Do not sit in the same position for long periods of time, as it may lead to a buildup of moisture in the anal area.
- Avoid straining during bowel movements, as it can open a healing tear or cause a new tear to develop.
- To prevent anal fissures in infants, change their diapers frequently.
- If suffering from diarrhea, treat it immediately.
- Avoid constipating foods, such as bananas, white rice, cheese and other dairy products, chocolate, large amounts of red meat, chips and fried foods.
- Keep your body hydrated by drinking adequate fluids to soften your stools and prevent constipation.
- Regular physical activity of at least 30 minutes daily will promote regular bowel movements and increase anal blood flow. You can try walking, yoga, stretching, light housework or gardening.
- Avoid biking, heavy weight-lifting and any form of exercise that requires you to strain.
- Sitting on hard surfaces can be very painful, so use a soft pillow to ease pressure on the anal area.
- Avoid scratching, which will only exacerbate the condition.